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Alpha One Medical - Bites & Stings

Bites & Stings

Snakes - Funnel Web Spider - Blue-ringed Octopus - Cone Shell

Signs & Symptoms:

All four species above are similar with death from respiratory arrest within minutes to hours.

  • Painless bite
  • Droopy eyelids
  • Blurred vision
  • Difficulty speaking and swallowing
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache
  • Tingling and numbness around the mouth
  • Sweating
  • Copious saliva production
  • Collapse

First Aid:

  • DRSABCD
  • Rest and reassurance
  • Call for help - 000
  • Pressure immobilisation technique - ensure you mark an X over the bite site on the outside of the bandage.

 

DO NOT wash the bite.

DO NOT suck venom from the bite.

DO NOT cut or incise the bite.

DO NOT use a tourniquet.

DO NOT try to kill the animal.

Box Jellyfish

Signs & Symptoms:

  • Severe immediate pain
  • Frosted pattern on your skin
  • Collapse
  • Cardiac arrest

First Aid:

  • DRSABCD
  • Remove casualty from the water
  • Call for help - 000
  • Reassure
  • Avoid touching or rubbing the sting area
  • Flood the sting with vinegar for 30 seconds
  • If no vinegar - pick the tentacles off with tweezers or gloved hand and rinse with sea water - Not fresh water.
  • If unconscious with labored or absent breathing, commence CPR

Irukandji Jellyfish

Signs & Symptoms:

  • Mild sting followed 5-40 mins later by:
  • Severe generalised 
  • Nausea, vomiting and seating
  • Collapse with respiratory arrest

First Aid:

  • DRSABCD
  • Remove casualty from the water
  • Call for help - 000
  • Reassure
  • Avoid touching or rubbing the sting area
  • Flood the sting with vinegar for 30 seconds
  • If no vinegar - pick the tentacles off with tweezers or gloved hand and rinse with sea water - Not fresh water.
  • If unconscious with labored or absent breathing, commence CPR

Fish Stings:

Sharp barb with bleeding and a painful wound.

Place wound in hot water.

Red Back Spider:

Intense local pain at the bite site. Non life-threatening.

Apply cold packs.

Bee - Wasp - Ant - Tick:

  • DRSABCD
  • Move casualty to safe area.
  • Localised pain at the bite site (no pain with ticks).
  • Remove the bee sting by scraping along the skin (do not squeeze the venom sack).
  • Apply a cold pack.
  • Carefully remove ticks with very fine tipped tweezers. (Do not remove ticks if the casualty is allergic to ticks).
  • Refer casualty to hospital if they are stung on the face, tongue or have a history of allergy.

(Dr Audrey Sisman - ABC of first aid 9th Edition 2018)

Standard Disclaimers:
The first aid information is provided for general information and educational purposes only, and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.
Under no circumstances shall we have any liability to you for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as a result of the information provided in this form/blog.
 Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information, we encourage you to consult with the appropriate medical professional. The use or reliance of any information contained in this form, is solely at your own risk.

 

 

 

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